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New technologies applied for measuring forest shading and heating of the snowpack in Northern Boreal Forests

Seven researchers from Edinburgh University, Northumbria University Newcastle and the WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF) Switzerland recently visited FMI-ARC as a part of the INTERACT Transnational Access initiative. The main objective of the visit was to collect extensive measurements of solar and thermal radiation patterns and associated forest structure affecting snowmelt in forests.

The INTERACT proposal funded the work of three young female scientists, Clare Webster (Edinburgh University; UAV operation and SfM analysis), Giulia Mazzotti (SLF Switzerland; Gimbal operation), and Johanna Malle (Northumbria University, UAV and cable car operation). Their specific expertise added up to assess a complete picture of canopy radiation processes involved in snowmelt process modelling. Their work was assisted by Steven Hancock (Edinburgh University; TLS), Richard Essery (Edinburgh University), Nick Rutter (Northumbria University) and Tobias Jonas (SLF Switzerland), who have been involved in developing the research program. Read more.

Antarctic: ‘No role’ for climate in Halley iceberg splitting

Scientists Jan De Rydt and Hilmar Gudmundsson have spent years studying the area and say the calving will be the result of natural processes only. The Antarctic station, which sits on a floating platform of ice, was moved in 2017 to get it away from a large chasm. That crack is now expected to dump a berg the size of Greater London into the Weddell Sea. It’s not clear precisely when this will happen, but the breakaway looks imminent, prompting the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) to withdraw its staff from Halley as a precaution. As soon as the calving does occur, though, it can be guaranteed that one of the first questions everyone will ask is: what was the influence of climate change? And the Northumbria University team believes it will be able to answer with high confidence: “There was none.” Jan De Rydt and Hilmar Gudmundsson have built a model to describe the behaviour of the floating ice platform, which is known as the Brunt Ice Shelf. Read more.

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